Darwin had a blind spot.
It wasn't that he didn't see the role of cooperation in evolution.
He just didn't see how important it is.
So for two centuries -- a time during which the world passed from an agrarian landscape into a global post-industrial culture of unprecedented scale and complexity -- science, society, public policy and commerce have attended almost exclusively to the role of competition.
The stories people tell themselves about what is possible, the mythical narratives that organizations and societies depend upon, have been variations of "survival of the fittest."
The role of cooperation has been largely unmapped.
Now is the time to finally build this map, not because we're feeling altruistic, but because scientists are beginning to see how cooperation actually works in biology, sociology, mathematics, psychology, economics, computer science and political science.
Een nieuwe cursus HUM 202 door Howard Rheingold op Stanford.
SOCIAAL GEDRAG •
Inne ten Have
Goals of Hum 202: Toward a Literacy of Cooperation
Stanford Cooperation Course Goals & Assignments
Might "cooperation studies" be the beginning of a new narrative about human social behavior? Rooted in the zeitgeist of Darwin's era, the scientific, social, economic, political stories of the 19th and 20th century overwhelmingly emphasized the role of competition as a driver of evolution, progress, commerce, society. The first outlines of a new narrative are becoming visible in biology, sociology, economics, computer science, mathematics, and political science – a story in which cooperative arrangements, interdependencies, and collective action play a more prominent role and the essential (but not all-powerful ) story of competition and survival of the fittest shrinks just a bit. The evolution of cooperation, the dynamics of social dilemmas, the economics of peer production, the design of institutions for collective action, the structure of social networks, the forecasting power of prediction markets, the power of distributed computing – can these frontiers in previously unconnected disciplines be mapped onto a broad interdisciplinary discourse? This course is a first and very wide look at this possible new discourse, research field, policy tool, meta-narrative of human behavior.
In this class we will explore the fundamental findings in relevant disciplines and examine their potential role in an emerging field of cooperation studies. What can evolutionary biology teach us about the complexities of human cooperation? Can institutions for collective action be designed more effectively by examining the ways people agree to use water, grazing lands, fisheries, intellectual property? Do alternative currencies, peer production techniques, collectively-created online public goods point toward a sharing economy that differs in fundamental ways from previous means of organizing production? What are the opportunities and dangers of hyper-mediated collective action via smart mobs and mobile social software? Is open-source politics the beginning of an emergent democracy, or a media fad?
It will take years to answer these questions, but this class will introduce the fundamental tools necessary to tackle them and to understand the landscape of cooperation studies. By the end of the course, you should understand the nature of the three fundamental mythic narratives of the field: public goods, the tragedy of the commons, and the prisoner's dilemma. You will know about the basic social dilemma at the root of human conflicts. You will understand how computerized games probe the origins of cooperation, how evolutionary psychologists attempt to explain altruism, the ways Napster and Google harnessed the power of collective action, and the possibilities of applying this knowledge to the concrete social dilemmas of daily life. You will use the class wiki and blog to engage online with each other and with others around the world, participate in a group visual recording exercise, and experience cooperation games first-hand.
We have put together this first attempt at an interdisciplinary curriculum of cooperation study because we believe in the potential of understanding human cooperation and are fascinated by the new clues that emerge every day. This course, the visual map, the knowledge base, and the social network are our instruments for attempting to catalyze a new field. We invite you to help us get started.
2004-12-02, door Inne ten Have
Het lezen van dit interview
met Eric Bonabeau is 'verplichte' literatuur van HUM 202
Eric Bonabeau, Ph.D, a keynote speaker at the upcoming Emerging Technology conference, is a leader in the field of swarm intelligence and has focused on applying these concepts to real world problems such as factory scheduling and telecommunications routing. The concept itself is borrowed from nature; in this interview, that's where the conversation begins, with ants and other social insects. Dr. Bonabeau takes us from his childhood nightmares of carnivorous wasps to applying the theories of swarm intelligence to solving real problems in the business world.
2004-12-17, door Inne ten Have
Jimmy Wales lecture at Stanford University
Yale law professor Yochai Benkler points to Google and Skype as examples of a new, Info Age market structure, based on peer production
As a professor at Yale Law School, Yochai Benkler doesn't seem like a prime candidate to rewrite the field of economics. But in a couple of papers, most recently "Sharing Nicely: On Shareable Goods and the Emergence of Sharing as a Modality of Economic Production," he suggests that the Internet and cheap computers are spurring a new method of producing economic value besides the market and the traditional company. He calls it commons-based peer production.
Open-source software, song sharing, the volunteer-written online encyclopedia Wikipedia, and other activities, he contends, require neither traditional corporate oversight nor monetary incentives to create real value. And that's likely to both threaten some existing companies and create entirely new ones, as it has with search engine Google and Skype Technologies, a provider of free Internet phone service.
Benkler recently spoke with Robert D. Hof, BusinessWeek's Silicon Valley bureau chief, about how peer production works and what it will mean for corporations and the economy. Edited excerpts of their conversation follow.
Gevonden op BusinessWeek online
2005-06-20, door Inne ten Have
Rheingold launches "Smartmob Media 101" class at UC Berkeley
Participatory Media and Collective Action
GEEF ZELF COMMENTAAR OP DIT ARTIKEL
The Net is a platform for participatory media. The recent and ongoing emergence of inexpensive, worldwide, many-to-many publishing and communication media, built on the platform of Internet and wireless communication technologies, has already influenced both politics and journalism. This class explores political activism in the Net context, as well as key aspects such as mass media, political communications, and smart mobs: emerging forms of technology-enabled collective actions. We will read and discuss issues, theories and real world examples from the US, Philippines, Korea, Mexico, China, and elsewhere.
We will focus on blogging, online forums and other emerging media forms such as photo-sharing, tagging, RSS, wiki-based communities and read about theoretical aspects of socio-technological networks as well. We will concentrate on two areas: the effect of new media and technology-enabled grassroots activism in the physical world. We can do case studies on examples such as the anti-globalization movement, Indymedia, Wikimedia, ohmynews, the 2004 US Presidential campaign .
The purpose of this seminar course is to become familiar with the latest developments in information and communication technologies in regard to their potentials to enable political collective action and reshape patterns and structures of power in the physical world. In addition to analytic readings, the class will directly engage in collective knowledge-gathering and construction of a public good. Students will engage in social bookmarking and collectively construct a resource wiki on class topics. Students will start from a pool of potential resources via the smartmobs.com blog and smartmobs del.icio.us tag, and will be encouraged to find and tag new resources that are not already in that pool. Students will post links and brief descriptions of their selections on the wiki, explaining in the first comment attached to the wiki page why this entry is valid and useful; others can comment subsequently, and edit the page if necessary. By permission of instructors, participants who are not physically present at class sessions can participate online. At the end of the semester, the wiki will be open to reading and writing by the public.
Elf dagen college met een waardevolle literatuur
- en artikel
2005-09-09, door Inne ten Have