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<  >  naar bron Folksonomy

bron artikelAccording to the free encyclopedia Wikipedia Folksonomy is a neologism for a practice of collaborative categorization using simple tags in a flat namespace. Folksonomies work best when a number of users all describe the same piece of information.

This feature has begun appearing in a variety of social software. At present, the best examples of online folksonomies are social bookmarking probably del.icio.us, a bookmark sharing site, and Flickr, for photo sharing. Gmail's labeling system is somewhat similar to the use of tags, but it is not a folksonomy because users cannot share their categorizations. Folksonomy is related to the concept of faceted classification from library science.

New web genres for sharing bookmarks, digital pictures and personal contacts?, are driving reflection on the value, importance and role of collaborative taxonomy and classification, meta-data generation and its application in retrieval, feeds and notification services.

The emerging term is folksonomy - a relook at the advantages of 'flat' tags / keywords or categories to identify group objects (documents, posts, pictures, bookmarks or links) and the ways allow popular terms to bubble to the top.

So why is this important to KM?
  • Classification is a core KM competency - think navigation, retrieval, search, language leverage and efficiencies - there is likely to be a repository somewhere in your work
  • We work in a global environment, across cultural lines, with different disciplines - but we need a common understanding and shared context to collaborate, invent, inform and learn
  • There is a growing convergence linking (personal) networks and subject domains - think communities of practice and interest - we are looking to hook to people and objects that have strong affinities and internal relationships
  • Emerging tools are dependent on a common language and shared meaning, e.g. collaborative filters, recommender systems and visual navigation
  • Knowledge work is all about sharing understanding, sense-making, increasing awareness and coming to know what we don't know - sharing tags, applying meaningful meta-data and finding related stuff, is core to making advances
So are you playing folksonomy games yet?

Gepubliceerd door Gerrit Visser op SmartMobs.

2004-12-26, door
Inne ten Have

Cooperative Classification and Communication Through Shared Metadata

This paper examines user-?generated metadata as implemented and applied in two web services designed to share and organize digital media to better understand grassroots classification.

Metadata - data about data - allows systems to collocate related information, and helps users find relevant information. The creation of metadata has generally been approached in two ways: professional creation and author creation. In libraries and other organizations, creating metadata, primarily in the form of catalog records, has traditionally been the domain of dedicated professionals working with complex, detailed rule sets and vocabularies.

The primary problem with this approach is scalability and its impracticality for the vast amounts of content being produced and used, especially on the World Wide Web.
The apparatus and tools built around professional cataloging systems are generally too complicated for anyone without specialized training and knowledge.

A second approach is for metadata to be created by authors. The movement towards creator described documents was heralded by SGML, the WWW, and the Dublin Core Metadata Initiative.
There are problems with this approach as well - often due to inadequate or inaccurate description, or outright deception.

This paper examines a third approach: user-?created metadata, where users of the documents and media create metadata for their own individual use that is also shared throughout a community.

Adam Mathes
Computer Mediated Communication
Graduate School of Library and Information Science
University of Illinois Urbana-?Champaign
2005-01-01, door Inne ten Have

Social Consequences of Social Tagging 
So, if my del.icio.us inbox is any indication, the blogosphere has been abuzz lately with opinions and commentary on folksonomy. Itís interesting stuff, no doubt, especially for those of us who come to social computing from a library and information science background.

Unfortunately, too many of the paeans to tagging that Iíve read have completely ignored some of the key social and cultural issues associated with public and collaborative labeling of content, opting instead for a level of technology-driven optimism that I see as overly naive. I think folksonomy has incredible valueóthe two web sites that I use most heavily right now are Flickr and del.icio.us. And I understand that this is something that canít be stuffed back into the bottle. Nonetheless, I donít think that means we have to accept it with an uncritical eye, or adopt every new implementation of tagging without consideration.

Iíve been happy, however, to see some exceptions to this ruleórecent posts by Lou Rosenfeld, Rebecca Blood, Anil Dash, and Foe Romeo have all addressed the darker side of bottom-up classification.

After Technorati unveiled their new tagging implementation, Rebecca Blood wrote this: Itís certain that some people will try to game the system, deliberately tagging their photos to misdirect people, make a political statement, or otherwise promote their own interests. It seemed to me that Technorati would want to start thinking about that now: to Design for Evil, as Bruce Sterling has said.

Gepubliceerd op Many 2 Many door Liz Lawley.
2005-01-20, door Inne ten Have

Cheap Eats at the Semantic Web Cafť 
Itís a rare event when several seemingly disparate items of interest all come together to form a compelling, coalescent whole. This event happened for me the past few weeks; an experience formed of discussions about digital identity and laws of same, LID, Technorati Tags, new and old syndication formats, Googleís nofollow, and the divide between tech and user. Especially the divide between tech and user.

Iíve written about digital identity and LID and nofollow recently, so I want to focus on Technorati Tags in this writing, and then, later, bring in the other technologies relationship to same. Besides, for someone who is interested in lowercase semantic web, how can my ear not be all a quiver when I hear about a new way of Ďadding meaningí to what can be a meaningless web at times?

Note that Iím also including photos from my recent old mill photo shoot in these pages; not because theyíre necessarily relevant but because an email respondent to my post on digital identity and LID noticed that I hadnít included photos in that work. Since I was less than flattering to something important to him, consider this my nod for his efforts. Additionally (and this might be my own opinion, only) I think a bit of color helps break up all those words: a visual equivalent of a deep breath before plunging back in for another swim.

Besides, this is my space, havenít you heard? This is the userís web now, which means itís my web and I can make the rules.

Prachtig commentaar en tegelijk een goed overzichtsartikel van de huidige discussies rond Tagging door Shelley Powers.
2005-01-28, door Inne ten Have

Steal this bookmark! 
Tagging, the Web's newest game, lets you see what other people are reading and thinking. Welcome to the key-worded universe

Tagging as it is used at some of the Web's most interesting and lively new sites is launching a revolution of self-organization on the Internet. You could call it the latest twist in the ongoing evolution of social networking software. Except there's a difference: On social networking sites like Orkut or Friendster, people join, and then declare their alliances to each other explicitly. On sites that employ tagging, the networks emerge, implicitly, out of the shared interests of users. Order isn't proclaimed, it just happens.

Gepubliceerd op Salon.com.
2005-02-08, door Inne ten Have

Nieuw project van Darwine 
Voor het NIP ontwikkelt Darwine op dit moment een Kennis Netwerk waarbij de motor achter het functioneren van het netwerk meer ligt bij natuurlijk menselijk gedrag dan bij het categoriseren van informatie.

Lees er hier meer over.
2005-03-07, door Inne ten Have

Folksonomy, or How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Mess 
Clay Shirky, Stewart Butterfield, Joshua Schachter, Jimmy Wales
At the O'Reilly Emerging Technology Conference
San Diego, California, 16 March 2005

Impressionistic transcript by Cory Doctorow

2005-03-18, door Inne ten Have

'Tagging' helps unclutter data 
Een artikel van CNN over tagging:

Online search categorizes how humans label things

Here's how we tend to organize our digital photos: We stick them into a folder on our computer and label it "Hawaii trip," or whatever.

Here's a new way: Forget folders or albums. Just "tag" the photos based on what's actually in each frame.

Now, extrapolate this concept to the ideas, images, videos -- and people -- you meet or wish to find online. If they're properly tagged, they're far easier to find.

That's "tagging", and it's currently all the rage among the digerati.

Tagging has the potential to change how we keep track of and discover things digital -- even whom we meet online. Several startups are banking their futures on it.

It could be our salvation as we attempt to sift through the growing clutter of data we're amassing on our hard drives and on that growing digital repository that is the Internet.

"People are awash in an overwhelming sea of stuff," said Joshua Schachter, founder of del.icio.us, a service for tag-enabled online bookmarks. "Our ability to produce content far outstrips the ability to sort and consume it."

And with the growing production of photos, sound and video clips -- material not easily searchable -- tags become ever more important.

Lees verder...
2005-05-16, door Inne ten Have

Tagging tools let users describe the world in their own terms as taxonomies become "folksonomies." 
Tagging offers a potentially powerful way for a company to organize information by making fresh content immediately searchable, letting users designate terms that make sense to them and providing users with a sense of ownership. This ability for tags to provide so much content-describing power for ordinary folks has given rise to the term "folksonomy," as opposed to the more restrictive sounding "taxonomy."


Whether tagging is a poor man's database search tool, a quick-and-dirty search tool on an intranet or an inherent, ground-up part of corporate collaboration doesn't really matter. What does matter is that users do most of the work, and both they and their corporations get the benefit.

Lees verder...
Gevonden via elearningpost.com
2006-04-07, door Inne ten Have

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