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<  >  naar bron Extreme Democracy


bron artikel"Extreme democracy" is a political philosophy of the information era that puts people in charge of the entire political process. It suggests a deliberative process that places total confidence in the people, opening the policy-making process to many centers of power through deeply networked coalitions that can be organized around local, national and international issues. The choice of the word "extreme" reflects the lessons of the extreme programming movement in technology that has allowed small teams to make rapid progress on complex projects through concentrated projects that yield results far greater than previous labor-intensive programming practices. Extreme democracy emphasizes the importance of tools designed to break down barriers to collaboration and access to power, acknowledging that political realities can be altered by building on rapidly advancing generations of technology and that human organizations are transformed by new political expectations and practices made possible by technology.

In an essay Ethan Zuckerman criticizes Joi Ito's Emergent Democracy collaborative essay and Jim Moore's Second Superpower framed by cultural assumptions of developed nations. He suggests that there's a blind spot about the developing world:
  • Where I'm uncomfortable with both essays is the fact that they extrapolate from the behavior of the people currently using the Internet to make generalizations about how a larger world might use these tools. My work for the past few years, helping spread information technology in developing nations, has convinced me that technology transfer is much more complicated than bringing tools to people who previously lacked them.
    I think it's worth taking a close look at what happens when we try to include the developing world in the models Ito and Moore put forward - in other words, "Is there room for the third world in the second superpower?"
Near the end of his essay, Ethan restates the question
  • Given the challenges of involving the developing world in the world of online reporting, discussion and activism, it's worth asking whether it's reasonable to try to make room for the Third World in the second superpower. Are technologists in developed economies being absurdly arrogant in speculating that a set of tools and behaviors used by less than one percent of the world's population - a disproportionately wealthy and powerful group of people - can help change the political lives of people around the world?
and suggests that "that the answer to this question depends a great deal on the actions of the people using and developing these tools in the First World." As the developers build tools and tools evolve, Ethan urges them to consider broadly who the users will be and build technologies appropriate for the larger world community.


Gepubliceerd op worldchanging.com.


• COMMUNITIES • GEZOND VERSTAND •
2004-08-11, door
Inne ten Have



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